WATER, SANITATION & HYGIENE (WaSH)
CLEAN WATER FOR BETTER HEALTH
Access to safe drinking water is foundational to all human development so there is a sense of urgency to address this work as a first priority. Unfortunately, too many people still suffer from lack of access even while Ethiopia has significant groundwater resources that can be tapped to bring relief. Developing available groundwater resources through new well construction fitted with hand-pumps provides a reliable source that can be easily maintained. The cost for new hand-pump well construction is highly variable but ranges from $6,000 to over $25,000 per well for most regions in southern Ethiopia.
In addition to new construction, WiLi also rehabilitates broken pumps on existing wells to serve the community once again. This includes redevelopment of the well and repairing the pump and platform as needed. The cost for rehabilitations are typically less than $4,000 per well depending on the extent of disrepair and logistical considerations.
For each water point, WiLi forms and trains a Water Use Committee (WUC) comprised of four women and three men elected by their community peers. The WUC is charged with creating a sense of ownership and responsibility for the hardware so they will take initiative to make timely repairs. Management of the well by the WUC includes managing the pumping schedule and collecting a small fee set by the WUC such as 50 cents for a five-gallon jug of water to pay for repairs. The WUC relates directly to the local Water Bureau for accountability.
WiLi has constructed more than 450 wells in southern Ethiopia with WaSH training for every community benefiting more than a quarter million people.